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综述性课程的学习方法

已有 4748 次阅读 2009-3-17 15:11 |个人分类:定量遥感相关|系统分类:科研笔记

摘自James S. Monroe, Reed Wicander的Physical Geology , Exploring the earth
Most courses, and geology in particular, build upon previous material, so it  is extremely important to keep up with the coursework and set aside regular time for study in each of your courses. Try to follow there hints, and you will find you do better in school and have more time for yourself:
1, Develop the habit of studying on a daily basis.
2,Set aside a specific time each day to study. some people are day people , and others are night people. Determine when you are most alert and use that time for study.
3,Have an area dedicated for study. It should including a well-lighted space with a desk and the study meterials you need, such as a dictionary, thesaurus, paper, pens, pencils, and a computer if you have one.
4,Study for short periods and take frequent breaks, usually after an hour of study. Get up and move around and do something completely different. This will help you stay alert, and you'll return to your studies with renewed vigor.
5, Try to review each subject every day or at least the day of the class.Develop the habit of reviewing lecture material from a class the same day
6,Become familiar with the vocabulary of the course. Look up any unfamiliar words in the glossary of your textbook or in a dictionary. Learning the language of the discipline will help you learn the material

大多数课程,尤其是地质学,是以前面学到的知识为基础的,因而上好课和为每门课安排固定的学习时间尤为重要。试着按照以下的几点建议来做,你会发现学习变得更简单:
1,形成每天学习的习惯
2,每天固定一个特殊的时间用于学习。有些人习惯白天看书,有些人习惯晚上看书,选择一个你自己最清醒的时间来学习。
3,在一个固定的地方学习。这地方应该有充足的光照,桌子,以及你所血药的学习资料,比如字典,专业词典,钢笔,铅笔,如果可能话再加上一台电脑。
4,学习的时候注意间隔。大约每一个小时休息一下。站起来,动动身体,这能帮助你保持清醒,让你重获继续学习的精力。
5, 尽量每天复习你学过的知识,至少在上课的那天要复习。养成课前就复习讲座资料的习惯
6,熟悉课程词汇。不熟的词可以查课本的词汇表或者是字典。学会严谨的语言这能帮助你学习这些材料。

虽然言简意赅 对一门了解和讲授基础知识的学科可以说总结的非常好的学习方法了


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