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《自然》:中国的科研在崛起

已有 4251 次阅读 2010-1-28 04:49 |个人分类:科技视窗|系统分类:科研笔记

       由美国国家科学基金会(NSF)发布的《2010年科学和工程指数报告》显示,中国研究人员数量已经几乎和美国或欧盟持平。
       根据这份两年一度的报告,截至2007年上述三方均拥有大约140万研究人员,但中国研究人员数量年增长额度远高于美国或欧盟。
 
        请看《自然》新闻的详细报道。

Published in Nature 463, 575 (27 January 2010) | 10.1038/nj7280-575a

News

 

China's research rise

Gene Russo

Number of domestic researchers draws level with Europe and the United States.

China has approximately as many researchers as either the United States or the European Union (EU), according to the US National Science Foundation (NSF) Science and Engineering Indicators 2010 report.

The biennial report found that each of the three had about 1.4 million researchers as of 2007, but the annual growth in the number of researchers is much higher in China (see graph, top right). That growth includes a continued steep increase in the number China's science and engineering doctorates, up to 21,000 in 2006, the latest data available. The relentless rate of growth over the past decade is unusual, says Rolf Lehming, programme director of the indicators project. “When we see this kind of strong increase in numbers, we usually expect a flattening out after several years,” he says.

Although most of the NSF indicators are based on statistics collected before the global recession took hold in 2008, the NSF did track more recent unemployment figures for US scientists. Unemployment rates for scientists and engineers remain lower than for the general population. However, the estimated recent rate of unemployment increase was much higher for scientists and engineers (see graph, right). From March 2008 to September 2009, the rate increased from 5.4% to 9.8% for the general population, less than a twofold change. For scientists and engineers, it tripled, jumping from 1.8% to 5.4%.

 


SOURCE : NSF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING INDICATORS 2010


SOURCE : US CURRENT POPULATION SURVEY, PUBLIC USE MICRODATA SAMPLE

http://www.nature.com/naturejobs/2010/100128/full/nj7280-575a.html



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