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文明社会的公正/正义 Justice in Civilized Society

已有 9272 次阅读 2016-5-4 20:15 |个人分类:时政评论|系统分类:观点评述| 公正, 正义, 司法, 八恶人

2016年深度大片:The Hateful Eight(中文:八恶人)有一段关于文明社会公正/正义Justice的台词非常漂亮,分享如下。对白的背景是一堆社会不同角色(包括准备去上任的市长、杀人女凶手、追凶赏金猎人、将军、马车夫、绞刑官、临时杂货铺店长、返乡过圣诞的牛仔等 --- 据他们自称)的人被暴风雪机缘巧合困在一个小杂货店,对白是绞刑官对被羁押送往红石Red Rock镇准备实施绞刑的女凶手说的:


Now you're wanted for murder. For the sake of my analogy, let's just assume that you did it. Now, John Ruth wants to take you back to Red Rock to stand trial for murder. And if you're found guilty, the people of Red Rock will hang you in the town square. And, as the hangman, I will perform the execution. And, if all those things end up taking place, that's what civilized society calls justice. However, if the relatives and the loved ones of the person you murdered were outside that door right now, and after busting down that door, they drug you out into the snow and hung you up by the neck, that would be frontier justice. Now, the good part about frontier justice is it's very thirst-quenching. The bad part is it's apt to be wrong as right.

But ultimately, what's the real difference between the two.

The real difference is me. The hangman.

To me, it does not matter what you did. When I hang you, I'll get no satisfication from your death.  It's my job. I hang you at Red Rock. And I move on to the next town. I hang someone else there. The man who pulls the lever that breaks your neck will be a dispassionate man.

And that dispassion is the very essence of justice. For justice delivered without dispassion is always in danger of not being justice.


(译文)

你因为杀人被通缉.  打个比方,假设你真的杀人了。鲁斯. 约翰(注:追凶赏金猎人)要抓你去红石镇接受杀人审判。假如你被判有罪,红石镇的人会把你绞死在镇广场。我作为绞刑官将对你执行绞刑。如果这些事情最终都发生了,这就是文明社会所称的公正/正义(法律制裁)。但是,如果被你所杀的人和亲属或者爱人现在就在门口,他们破门而入,把你拖到雪地里,把你吊起来,那叫民间执法。民间执法好的一面是非常痛快。坏的一面是,它容易颠倒是非。

但最终,这两种执法方式的真正区别是什么呐?

真正的区别是我。绞刑官.

对于我来说,你到底做了什么并不重要。当我绞死你的时候,我不会有复仇的情绪。这只是我的工作。我在红石镇绞死你,然后去下一个镇绞死别人。那个拉动操纵杆绞死你的人是个不带感情的人。

而不带情感正是公正/正义(法律制裁)的核心。因为带有感的制裁总是会危害司法的公正。




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