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Kudos Project:重新评价狭义相对论

已有 978 次阅读 2021-7-12 16:55 |系统分类:论文交流

Kudos:https://www.growkudos.com/projects/re-evaluating-the-theory-of-special-relativity


Re-evaluating the theory of special relativity

重新评价狭义相对论

What is it about?

这个科研项目是关于什么的?

 

The invariance of the speed of light is a critical assumption or principle of the theory of special relativity. In vacuum regardless of your inertial frame of reference, the speed of light is a constant 299,792,458 meters per second everywhere you look.
“光速的不变”是狭义相对论基于的一个关键假设或原理。即在真空中,不管你站在什么惯性参照系中看,无论你看哪里,光相对于你的速度都是恒定的每秒299,792,458米。


Or is it? 
是吗?


Jian’an Wang, former professor of physics at Shenzhen University, is reviving an age-old theory that could explain the bizarre principle proposed by the theory of special relativity. 

深圳大学退休的物理学教授王建安正在恢复一个古老的理论,该理论可以解释狭义相对论提出的奇异原理(光速不变原理)。


According to Wang, the universe is permeated by a background substance called “ether,” and each particle or object carries an etheric layer (sphere of influence) that surrounds and moves with it. But unlike the ether (or “aether”) proposed to exist by physics giants such as Aristotle,Rene Descartes,Christian Huygens,Isaac Newton and James Clerk Maxwell, Wang’s ether isn’t material—it’s energy. 

根据王博士的说法,宇宙中弥漫着一种叫做“以太”的背景物质,每个粒子或物体都携带着一包围该粒子或物体并随该粒子或物体一起运动的太层(影响范围)。但与亚里士多德、笛卡儿、惠更斯、牛顿和麦克斯韦等物理学巨人提出的以太不同,王博士的以太不是物质,而是能量。


This spatial background energy, Wang describes, gives the apparent constancy of the speed of light and the "velocity" effects, such as time dilation, size contraction, mass increase, in a completely different physical sense from the special relativity. These “velocity” effects are not relative but absolute. Using these absolute velocity effects, Wang gives the energy source of earthquakes and volcanoes, the cause of the Ice Ages, and explains the Tunguska explosion. 

王博士描述道,这种空间背景能量给出了光速不变以及“速度效应”(如时间膨胀、尺度收缩、质量增加)与狭义相对论完全不同的物理解释。这些“速度效应”不是相对的,而是绝对的。利用这些绝对的“速度效应”王博士给出了地震和火山的能量来源、冰河期形成的原因,并解释了通古斯大爆炸。

 

Wang proposes a series of experiments that could be performed to prove the existence of ether, one of which includes performing the Michelson-Morley experiment of 1881 (which famously ushered in the era of relativity) aboard the International Space Station. 
王博士提出了一系列可以用来证明以太存在的实验,其中包括在国际空间站上进行1881年的迈克尔逊-莫雷实验(这一著名的实验开启了相对论时代)。


Jian’an Wang received his bachelor’s degree in experimental nuclear physics in 1982 from the Department of Modern Physics at the University of Science and Technology of China. Upon graduating, he was assigned to the China Institute of Atomic Energy, where he studied nuclear reactions of charged particles. In 1985, he was admitted to the Department of Physics at Huazhong University of Science and Technology, from which he received a master’s degree. He obtained a Ph.D. in 1996 from McGill University in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, for his research on laser luminescent materials. Wang entered the Department of Physics at Shenzhen University as an assistant professor in 1999 and retired in 2012.

王建安1982年毕业于中国科学技术大学近代物理系实验核物理专业,获学士学位。毕业后,他被分配到中国原子能研究院从事带电粒子核反应研究工作。1985年考入华中科技大学物理系读研,并在那获得硕士学位。1996年,他在位于加拿大魁北克省蒙特利尔市的麦吉尔大学获得博士学位,博士论文是关于激光发光材料方面的研究。1999年进入深圳大学物理系担任副教授,并于2012年提前退休。

 

Why is it important?

为什么这一科研项目很重要?

 

The existence of an ether could reshape our view of reality and how we measure and interact with it, and reshape our conception of space and time. More immediately, testing theories old and new is the essence of scientific investigation. Accumulating evidence is what lends strength to theories and underpins our understanding of the universe.

以太的存在可以重塑我们对客观世界的认识,以及我们如何测量它及如何与它互动,重塑我们的空间和时间概念。更直接地说,检验新旧理论是科学研究的本质。积累证据是赋予理论的力量,并支持我们对宇宙的理解。

 

Audience Briefings

观众简报

Press新闻

 

Reviving the ether

复兴以太学说

 

July 1, 2021 – China – Nature, as the saying goes, abhors a vacuum. Scientists of the 19th century shared that sentiment.

2021年7月1日——中国自然,俗话说,厌恶真空。19世纪的科学家们也有这种观点。

 

With growing evidence that light propagated in the form of waves, many scientists tried to give substance to the apparent emptiness that enabled light to behave in this way. This so-called “ether,” they posited, was indeed the background against which all physical phenomena manifested. It wasn’t until Albert A. Michelson and Edward W. Morley examined the Earth's revolution around the sun in their famous 1881 experiment. If there truly was an ether-based frame of motion, then the speed of light along the direction of our planet’s motion would vary relative to any direction perpendicular. Michelson and Morley found that wasn’t the case. The speed of light was essentially constant everywhere. That result ostensibly primed the physics world for the development of the theory of special relativity—and lay ether theories to rest.

随着越来越多的证据表明光以波的形式传播,许多科学家试图赋予真空某种物质以使得光在其中传播。他们认为,这种所谓的“以太”确实是所有物理现象所表现出来的背景。直到阿尔伯特·a·迈克尔逊和爱德华·w·莫雷在1881年他们著名的实验中测量了地球绕太阳的公转。如果真的有一个基于以太的运动框架,那么沿着我们地球运动方向的光速度将相对于任何垂直方向应该有所变化。但迈克尔逊和莫雷发现事实并非如此。光的速度沿着所有方向都是恒定不变的。这一实验结果表面上为狭义相对论的发展奠定了物理基础,并使以太理论归于沉寂。

 

But for Jian’an Wang, former professor at Shenzhen University, that might be a hasty conclusion yet. In one of his most recent papers, Wang lays a mathematical framework that describes the existence of an ether made entirely of energy. By applying this calculus, Wang finds that the classically odd features produced by special relativity—time dilation, size contraction, the increase in mass of moving objects, and the apparent invariance of the speed of light—can actually be attributed to an etheric effect.

但对于深圳大学退休教授王建安来说,这可能是一个仓促的结论。在王博士最近的一篇论文中,王博士提出了一个描述完全由能量构成的以太的数学框架。通过应用这种数学推导,王博士发现由狭义相对论所得出的经典奇异特征——时间膨胀、尺寸收缩、运动物体质量的增加和光速不变——实际上都可以归因于以太效应。

 

Wang proposes several experiments that could be performed to put his theory to the test.

王博士提出了几个可以用来检验他的理论的实验。

 

One includes using a particle collider to verify that the kinetic energy of a particle is only related to the speed of that particle relative to the ether, independently of the observer’s frame of reference.

其中一个实验是使用粒子对撞机来验证粒子的动能仅与该粒子相对于以太的速度有关,与观测者参考系的选择无关。

 

Another proposes to simulate the formation of natural iron meteorites that demonstrate that atoms shrink with an increase in etheric density in space.

另一项实验是模拟天然铁陨石的形成,以证明原子会随着空间以太密度的增加而收缩。

 

And, of course, Wang also calls for a re-do of the Michelson-Morley experiment, only this time aboard the International Space Station. On the ISS, the thinking goes, measurements won’t be muddled by Earth’s tendency to drag the ether with it as it moves—which, Wang explains, renders the ether invisible in terrestrial experiments.

当然,王博士也呼吁重做迈克尔逊-莫雷实验,只是这次是在国际空间站上做。因为在国际空间站上,测量结果不会被地球运动时拖着一起运动的以太所干扰——王博士解释说,这种干扰使得在地面上进行的实验无法探测到以太风。

 

Challenging the theory of special relativity is no small or easy task. But it’s one that Wang approaches with admittedly great curiosity. In his own words, “[T]here is no end to science, and the spirit of science is to keep exploring. Although special relativity has achieved great success, it is by no means the end of physics.”

挑战狭义相对论并不是一件小或容易的事,但这是王博士带着不可否认的极大好奇心接近做到的事之一。用他自己的话来说,“科学是没有尽头的,科学精神就是不断探索。虽然狭义相对论取得了巨大的成功,但它绝不是物理学的终结。”

下面是Kudos project 的链接:

https://www.growkudos.com/projects/re-evaluating-the-theory-of-special-relativity

下面是文章《狭义相对论的修正》的链接:https://www.scirp.org/journal/paperinformation.aspx?paperid=96732







http://wap.sciencenet.cn/blog-3412139-1295169.html

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