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English Writing: IELTS Practice

已有 5448 次阅读 2010-11-24 22:13 |个人分类:英语课堂素材 Materials from Classroom|系统分类:教学心得| writing, English, IELTS, skills

Some examples for IELTS Writing Topics from Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press, China.

1, 城市存在的问题

While people flood into big cities to seek jobs and happy life, there is a tendency for people to move out. What problems do big cities have?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

 

       Every year men and women crowd into cities in search of employment, decent living conditions, and the excitement and stimulation of urban life. According to a research, the population in Shanghai alone has increased 26% in the last three years. With the rise in urban population, many big cities have met various problems.

One big problem is the ever-increasing pressure caused by over-crowding. As more and more people flood into cities, city services and facilities have been strained to a breaking point. Cities have been exposed not only to the problem of traffic and housing, but to the problem of education, sanitation, employment and so on.

A second problem is the living environment. The rising of too many compacted high buildings strips people of sunlight, trees and grass—condemning them to live among stone and concrete, neon lights and endless traffic flows. Additionally, the growing number of cars and buses sends huge quantities of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, making the air of cities unbreathable.

But of all the problems, the most serious and pressing one is the widespread crime, which is a threat to paralyse the city. Bank robberies which were unheard of in the past now occur more frequently. Not a single day passes without the reports of somebody being mugged, being kidnapped or being murdered, etc.

All these problems make big cities no longer attractive to people as years before. The tendency to move to the edge of the city or the suburban areas reflects this mentality. Unless there is some improvement, more and more people will seek to live in the suburbs.

 

2, 21世纪会带来什么

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

The 21st century has begun. What changes do you think this new century will bring?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

 Mankind has made great progress since scientific exploration began, and this progress seems to be accelerating. In the past hundred years we have seen inventions that have not only greatly improved our lives but changed the very way we live. There is no reason to believe that this rapid progress will not continue in the 21st century. Although there is no way to exactly predict what our scientists and entrepreneurs will come up with, there are indications that advances will be made in certain areas. The following are some examples.

Firstly, advances will continue to be made in the field of medicine that will allow people to live longer and healthier lives. In developed countries today most people already have a lifespan that was unusually long a hundred years ago. Steady progress has been made in the eradication of diseases and this should continue in the next 100 years. In addition, biotechnology in the field of genetics may someday allow us to develop bodies that are stronger and free of inherited defects. Perhaps we will even be able to clone ourselves. No matter what form these advances take, it is highly likely that we will greatly extend our lifespan in the new century.

Secondly, new technology has already brought people around the world closer. This trend will continue in the 21st century as communication becomes more efficient and affordable. Countries and their people have formed stronger bonds both economically and politically, such as the recent development of the European Union. Perhaps some day in the future national boundaries will disappear. However, one side effect of this globalisation is that many characteristics of individual cultures will be lost. Sadly, by the end of the century, some languages and art forms may only be found in museums.

Thirdly, we can expect both a growing population and demands for a higher standard of living to put increasing pressure on Earth’s resources. We have already seen some of the effects of this pressure in the form of pollution and global warming. It is likely that these trends will also continue and that more damage to the environment will be done. On the other hand, perhaps we will find more efficient ways to make use of the available resources or develop alternative forms of energy. In that case, we may live with nature more harmoniously.

The scenarios above are just three of the many possible changes that this new century will bring. We can expect to see great advances in many fields, including medicine, communications, trade, transportation and production. Although there may be problems in the future, our ingenuity and inventiveness will help us to deal with them.

 3,水资源短缺

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
What are the causes of water shortages? Please also offer some solutions to deal with this problem.
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
  
Since the beginning of time, water has been shaping the face of Earth. Water sustains human life, our environment and our cultures. But the global demand for water is increasing and the destruction of water-dependent ecosystems has accelerated.
From my point of view, the main reason of scarcity of water resource is the rapid population growth, especially in developing countries. In order to meet the great demand for water, people exploit water resource in various ways. Water supply sources are being stretched to their limits. And groundwater pollution is increasing rapidly. Research indicates that over 1 billion people still do not have access to safe water supplies and over 1.7 billion do not have access to adequate sanitation facilities.
Another reason is the development of industry and agriculture. In some developing countries, some private factories make use of water resource inefficiently and make much pollution. Irrigated farming also contributes to water scarcity. Despite the high yield, irrigation is extremely water intensive. It takes about 1,000 tons of water to grow one ton of grain and 2,000 tons to grow one ton of rice.
Finding solutions of the problem involves the increase of worldwide awareness and international cooperation. Every individual should realise water crisis and the necessity of water-saving. As to the government some effective measures should be taken, including erecting modern irrigation systems and increasing the number of sewage water recycling plants. Building more dams can also be an effective solution. Dams play an important role in detaining the surface rainwater flowing from mountains and would prevent the loss of rainwater straight into the sea.

 



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