图谋博客分享 http://blog.sciencenet.cn/u/libseeker 图谋,为图书馆学情报学谋,为图书情报事业谋。



已有 16465 次阅读 2009-4-24 11:44 |个人分类:学习日志|系统分类:科研笔记| 情报学

     维纳•布什(Vannevar Bush)在《大西洋月刊》1945年7月号上发表的《诚如所思》(As We May Think)。此文被中外多数情报学家视为情报学诞生的标志。而且“由于他的伟大成就,后人给他冠以众多头衔,尊称其为‘信息科学之父’‘现代电脑之父’‘超文本之始祖’‘NSF之父’等。[见:相关资料2]
    维纳•布什(Vannevar Bush)功勋卓著,毋庸置疑。但是,如果把《诚如所思》(As We May Think)当老子《道德经》来解读,则未必妥当。笔者统计了一下,《诚如所思》全文8000字左右。根据所获得一些文献,还真有当《道德经》解读的倾向。
1 As We May Think.http://www.theatlantic.com/doc/194507/bush
(1) When data of any sort are placed in storage, they are filed alphabetically or numerically, and information is found (when it is) by tracing it down from subclass to subclass.
(2)We know that when the eye sees, all the consequent information is transmitted to the brain by means of electrical vibrations in the channel of the optic nerve.
(3)The impulses which flow in the arm nerves of a typist convey to her fingers the translated information which reaches her eye or ear, in order that the fingers may be caused to strike the proper keys.
(4)Might not these currents be intercepted, either in the original form in which information is conveyed to the brain, or in the marvelously metamorphosed form in which they then proceed to the hand?
(1)They have given him increased knowledge of his own biological processes so that he has had a progressive freedom from disease and an increased span of life.
(2)Science has provided the swiftest communication between individuals; it has provided a record of ideas and has enabled man to manipulate and to make extracts from that record so that knowledge evolves and endures throughout the life of a race rather than that of an individual.
(3) Only then will mathematics be practically effective in bringing the growing knowledge of atomistics to the useful solution of the advanced problems of chemistry, metallurgy, and biology.
(4) This is a much larger matter than merely the extraction of data for the purposes of scientific research; it involves the entire process by which man profits by his inheritance of acquired knowledge.
(1)Consider a future device for individual use, which is a sort of mechanized private file and library.
(2)Any given book of his library can thus be called up and consulted with far greater facility than if it were taken from a shelf.
(3)A library of a million volumes could be compressed into one end of a desk.
(4)Even the modern great library is not generally consulted; it is nibbled at by a few.

2 周晓英、崔佳佳、唐宇萍等.情报学的起源与方向——从布什的《诚如所思》谈起.情报科学,2004(2):129-132

3 王知津、李明珍.情报学的不朽篇章——纪念《诚如所思》发表60周年.情报理论与实践,2005(1):1-5
4 As We May think--中文翻译版(2008-11-22 21:59:57)
5 http://www.wretch.cc/blog/arshloh&article_id=1164602
在閱讀資訊科學相關論文時,很多人都會提到Vannevar Bush於一九四五年七月於大西洋月刊中發表這一篇文章"As We May Think" ,於日前,終於將全文閱讀完。對於一位百年前時代的人物,可以預言百年後資訊時代的技術如此準確,震撼不已。
 6 memex.http://baike.baidu.com/view/1803315.html?fromTaglist
Michael Buckland, in an article published in 1992, suggested that the memex was severely flawed because Bush did not thoroughly understand information science and had a low opinion of indices and classification schemes: "Bush thought that the creation of arbitrary associations between individual records was the basis of memory, so he wanted 'mem(ory-)ex', or 'Memex instead of index'. The result was a personalized, but superficial and inherently self-defeating design."[Buckland, Michael K. "Emanuel Goldberg, Electronic Document Retrieval, And Vannevar Bush's Memex". Journal of the American Society for Information Science 43, no. 4 (May 1992): 284–294 ]
7 Vannevar Bush(1890-1974)
"After thinking about the potential of augmented memory for several years, Bush set out his thoughts at length in the essay "As We May Think" in the Atlantic Monthly which is described as having been written in 1936 but set aside when war loomed. He removed it from his drawer and it was published in July 1945. "
8 严怡民 主编.情报学概论(修订版). _武汉:武汉大学出版社,1994.10
9 严怡民等著.现代情报学理论._武汉:武汉大学出版社,1996.10


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