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Wiley开放科学大使 - 蒋红涛教授专访

已有 860 次阅读 2020-10-28 13:39 |个人分类:科研手记|系统分类:科研笔记| Wiley, 威立, 开放科学大使




在Wiley,我们相信开放科学能够创造一个更加开放的未来,这也是我们优先考虑开放科学大使计划的原因。”Wiley 全球科研业务执行副总裁Judy Verses表示,“学术界呼吁更加开放、透明的出版环境,我们希望更多人加入我们,一起创造更好的科学出版未来。






Wiley国际教育业务高级副总裁Philip Kisray表示: “我们将与开放科学大使们一道推动中国科学研究的影响力和开放性,最大化中国研究的全球影响力。


蒋红涛 加州理工学院

Dr. Jonathan H. Jiang, Principal Scientist

Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology


What is the objective of data sharing?

The objective, or goals, of data sharing is to allow researchers to expedite the translation of research results into knowledge, products, and procedures to improve further scientific research and applications. Data sharing encourages more connection and collaboration among researchers, which can result in important new findings within the field. It allows researchers to efficiently build upon the work of others rather than repeat already existing research and thus to reduce the investment for scientific research because it allows researchers to share resources.

Most funding agencies and journal publishers now require the results of scientific studies to be shared with the public. NASA, for example, has a data sharing policy that requires full and open sharing of science data obtained from NASA Earth observing satellites, with all users as soon as such data become available. There will be no period of exclusive access to NASA Earth science data. (see https://science.nasa.gov/earth-science/earth-science-data/data-information-policy  ; and https://open.nasa.gov/open-data/ ). In the United States, National Science Foundation (NSF), Department of Energy (DOE) and National Institute of Health (NIH) all have data sharing policies that researchers are required to share with other researchers, at no more than incremental cost and within a reasonable time, the primary data, samples, as well as physical collections and other supporting materials created or gathered in the course of research work under the research grants. (see https://www.nsf.gov/bfa/dias/policy/dmp.jsp  ; https://www.energy.gov/datamanagement/doe-policy-digital-research-data-management  ; https://grants.nih.gov/policy/sharing.htm  ).

What are the benefits to researchers?

Data sharing benefits the researcher, research sponsors, data repositories, the scientific community, as well as the public. Data sharing is the key for open science, it can lead to more and better connection, collaboration, increased confidence in findings and goodwill between the researchers. It also leads to better decision making by policy makers.

How to share data effectively?

In order to encourage data sharing and prevent the loss or corruption of data, many funding agencies (e.g. NASA), universities or institutes (e.g. Caltech), journals and publishers (e.g. Wiley) have established data archiving platforms or repositories. The best practices for data sharing by researchers include:

  1. Data Documentation: Describe the data content and process thoroughly and thus makes easier for others to see the data, understand its content, and encourage collaboration.

  2. Data Storage: Store the data in a repository that can be easily accessed and thus makes them easier to share.

  3. Data Discovery: Make the data discoverable by publishing the data in data portals, advertise the data online through social media and blogs, and use specific keywords and tags that make the data more likely to be found in search engines.




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