杨正瓴
[小资料] 各种各样的西瓜照片(1)
2023-11-28 22:56
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[小资料] 各种各样的西瓜照片(1)

                                                                             

西瓜: watermelon

佩普基诺,拇指西瓜 pepquinos

吉尼斯世界纪录: Guinness World Records

                                              

一、除了栽培西瓜外,至少还有六种野生西瓜(six other wild species of watermelon)

https://scitechdaily.com/improving-watermelons-by-harvesting-genes-from-wild-species/

                                              

   When many people think of watermelon, they likely think of Citrullus lanatus, the cultivated watermelon with sweet, juicy red fruit enjoyed around the world as a dessert. Indeed, watermelon is one of the world’s most popular fruits, second only to tomato – which many consider a vegetable. But there are six other wild species of watermelon, all of which have pale, hard, and bitter fruits.

   当许多人想到西瓜时,他们可能会想到西瓜,这是一种种植的西瓜,带有甜多汁的红色水果,在世界各地都被当作甜点享用。事实上,西瓜是世界上最受欢迎的水果之一,仅次于番茄——许多人认为番茄是一种蔬菜。但还有其他六种野生西瓜,它们都有苍白、坚硬和苦涩的果实。

                                              

The seven species of watermelon have an incredible amount of diversity 小.jpg

图1  The seven species of watermelon have an incredible amount of diversity. Credit: Xingping Zhang/Syngenta  这七种西瓜有着令人难以置信的多样性。摄影:张兴平/Syngenta 先正达

https://scitechdaily.com/images/Cultivated-Watermelon-Wild-Relatives.jpg

https://scitechdaily.com/improving-watermelons-by-harvesting-genes-from-wild-species/

                               

Cultivated watermelon’s wild relatives are very genetically.jpg

图2  Cultivated watermelon’s wild relatives are very genetically diverse, making them likely sources of genes that confer tolerance to pests, diseases, and abiotic stresses like drought and high salinity. Credit: Xingping Zhang/Syngenta  栽培西瓜的野生亲缘关系在基因上非常多样,这使它们很可能是对害虫、疾病和干旱和高盐度等非生物胁迫具有耐受性的基因来源。摄影:张兴平/Syngenta 先正达

https://scitechdaily.com/images/Cultivated-Watermelon-Wild-Relatives.jpg

https://scitechdaily.com/improving-watermelons-by-harvesting-genes-from-wild-species/

                               

二、西瓜的一些照片

12 Tips on How to Find the Best Tasting Watermelon.jpg

图3  12 Tips on How to Find the Best Tasting Watermelon  如何找到味道最好的西瓜的12个技巧

https://cdn.diyncrafts.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/featured-10-Best-Kinds-of-Watermelon-to-Grow.jpg

https://www.diyncrafts.com/114170/home/gardening/12-tips-on-how-to-find-the-best-tasting-watermelon

                               

Watermelon of various flesh colors.jpg

图4  Watermelon of various flesh colors  各种果肉颜色的西瓜

https://www.uky.edu/ccd/sites/www.uky.edu.ccd/files/fleshcolor.jpg

https://www.uky.edu/ccd/production/crop-resources/vegetables/watermelon

                               

Yellow Watermelons, One Of Nature’s Sweetest Wonders_小.jpg

图5  黄瓤

https://staticcookist.akamaized.net/wp-content/uploads/sites/22/2020/06/iStock-1141268671.jpg

https://www.cookist.com/yellow-watermelons-one-of-natures-sweetest-wonders-literally-and-figuratively/

                               

big-watermelon.jpg

图6  大个的西瓜

https://plantinstructions.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/big-watermelon.jpg

https://plantinstructions.com/fruit/how-to-grow-watermelon-from-seeds/

                               

White Wonder Watermelon_转换.jpg

图7  White Wonder Watermelon  白色奇迹西瓜

https://specialtyproduce.com/produce/White_Wonder_Watermelon_12740.php

                               

White Watermelon Growing Guide.jpg

图8  白瓤

https://jardinhq.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/White-Watermelon-Growing-Guide-1024x596.jpg

https://jardinhq.com/fruit/white-watermelon/  

                               

Pepquinos   wereld-van-planten-pepquino-612-kopie.jpg

图9  世界上最小的西瓜名叫“佩普基诺”(pepquinos)

https://koppertcress.com/media/cache/generic/rc/fJitLmaQ/uploads/media/5f466d91e406c/wereld-van-planten-pepquino-612-kopie.jpg

https://www.koppertcress.com/nl/producten/pepquino

   世界上最小的西瓜名叫“佩普基诺”(Pepquinos),也称“拇指西瓜”,只有3厘米长、直径2厘米,它是来南美洲的一种野生植物,1987年一家荷兰公司开始在美国和亚洲种植,但事实上,这货只是长得像西瓜的远亲(西瓜是葫芦科西瓜属,拇指西瓜是葫芦科番马㼎儿属 )。

https://www.kepuchina.cn/article/articleinfo?business_type=100&classify=0&ar_id=103763

                               

Watermelon 350.5 lbs by Chris Kent in Tennessee.jpg

图10  吉尼斯世界纪录上最大的西瓜是2013年产自美国纳西州的318斤巨无霸

   Watermelons are pretty heavy compared to the average fruit, but the heaviest watermelon ever recorded registered an incredible 350.5 lbs - comparable to the weight of three average teenagers.

   It was grown by Chris Kent in Tennessee, USA. Kent was awarded the title at the Operation Pumpkin Festival, where his record broke the previous benchmark by a hefty 82 lbs.

https://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/Images/Heaviest-watermelon_tcm25-484697.jpg

https://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/news/2017/8/national-watermelon-day-five-records-to-celebrate-the-juicy-fruit-484686

https://www.kepuchina.cn/article/articleinfo?business_type=100&classify=0&ar_id=103763

                        

参考资料:

[1] 2023-04-26,西瓜/watermelon/叶志彪,中国大百科全书,第三版网络版[DB/OL]

https://www.zgbk.com/ecph/words?SiteID=1&ID=155684&Type=bkzyb&SubID=67188

[2] 科普中国,2022-07-13,盛夏之王!关于西瓜的一些冷知识,你知道吗?

https://www.kepuchina.cn/article/articleinfo?business_type=100&classify=0&ar_id=103763

[3] 科普中国,2022-11-23,西瓜或是葡萄?都不是,这是醋栗!

https://www.kepuchina.cn/article/articleinfo?business_type=100&classify=0&ar_id=387322

[4] SCITechDaily, 2019-11-02, Improving Watermelons by Harvesting Genes From Wild Species

https://scitechdaily.com/improving-watermelons-by-harvesting-genes-from-wild-species/  

[5] Heaviest watermelon, Guinness World Records Limited

https://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/world-records/heaviest-watermelon

   The heaviest watermelon weighs 159 kg (350.5 lb) and was grown by Chris Kent (USA) of Sevierville, Tennessee, USA, as verified by the Great Pumpkin Commonwealth on 4 October 2013.

   Chris was awarded his prize at the Operation Pumpkin festival, held in Hamilton, Ohio between 3 - 5 October 2013.

   最重的西瓜重159公斤(350.5磅),由美国田纳西州塞维尔的 Chris Kent(美国)种植,并于2013年10月4日得到大南瓜联邦的验证。

   克里斯在2013年10月3日至5日于俄亥俄州汉密尔顿举行的南瓜行动节上获奖。

[6] 张兴平,北京大学现代农业研究院

http://www.pku-iaas.edu.cn/list_38/73.html

                   

相关链接:

[1] 2022-09-17,[感慨,搜集] 相关性与因果性:彩色的西瓜

https://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-107667-1355723.html

[2] 2023-11-26,[内因、外因] 《科普中国》:德国巴伐利亚野猪泛滥没人敢吃,主要原因居然来自外国

https://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-107667-1411272.html

[3] 2023-11-22,[内因、外因] 强筋小麦育种、小麦、新月沃土(Fertile Crescent)

https://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-107667-1410741.html

[4] 2023-11-16,[小科普,小资料,我心悲伤] 我们可能连啤酒也喝不到了?(啤酒花,全球变暖)

https://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-107667-1409929.html

[5] 2022-12-26,[内因、外因] 金元四大家:人体病因与外部的天气变化

https://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-107667-1369253.html

[6] 2022-12-24,[内因、外因] 法国葡萄酒的年份

https://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-107667-1369022.html

[7] 2022-09-18,[感慨,搜集] 相关性与因果性:彩色的玉米

https://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-107667-1355863.html

[8] 2022-07-24,[感慨,搜集] 相关性与因果性:彩色的甘薯

https://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-107667-1348596.html

[9] 2022-07-23,[感慨,搜集] 相关性与因果性:彩色的西红柿

https://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-107667-1348474.html

[10] 2022-07-21,[感慨,搜集] 相关性与因果性:彩色的胡萝卜

https://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-107667-1348234.html

[11] 2022-07-20,[感慨,搜集] 相关性与因果性:南瓜与观赏南瓜

https://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-107667-1348111.html

                              

感谢您的指教!

感谢您指正以上任何错误!

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