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科学家呼吁变革以保护地球
2019-12-13 18:37

阿根廷植物生物学多学科研究所 (IMBIV)Sandra Díaz等研究人员,针对人类引起的地球生物的衰落,呼吁变革的必要。该综述论文发表在2019年12月13日出版的《科学》上。

研究人员表示,自1970年代以来,在人口不断增长、人均收入不断增长的需求的推动下,人类对地球生命的影响急剧增加。大自然目前提供的物资比以往任何时候都多,但这付出了高昂的代价,全球生态系统的范围和完整性、地方生态群落的独特性、野生物种的数量和数量以及当地驯化品种的数量均空前地下降。这种变化减少了人们从大自然中获得的重大利益,并威胁到子孙后代的生活质量。经济增长的利益和减少自然利益的成本分配不均。我们所有人赖以生存的生命结构(自然及其对人类的贡献)正在迅速瓦解。

研究人员认为,尽管威胁的严重性和迄今为止在解决这些威胁方面缺乏足够的进展,但仍有机会通过变革行动来改变未来的发展轨迹。但是,这种行动必须立即开始,并解决自然恶化的根本经济、社会和技术原因。

附:英文原文

Title: Pervasive human-driven decline of life on Earth points to the need for transformative change

Author: Sandra Díaz, Josef Settele, Eduardo S. Brondízio, Hien T. Ngo, John Agard, Almut Arneth, Patricia Balvanera, Kate A. Brauman, Stuart H. M. Butchart, Kai M. A. Chan, Lucas A. Garibaldi, Kazuhito Ichii, Jianguo Liu, Suneetha M. Subramanian, Guy F. Midgley, Patricia Miloslavich, Zsolt Molnár, David Obura, Alexander Pfaff, Stephen Polasky, Andy Purvis, Jona Razzaque, Belinda Reyers, Rinku Roy Chowdhury, Yunne-Jai Shin, Ingrid Visseren-Hamakers, Katherine J. Willis, Cynthia N. Zayas

Issue&Volume: 2019/12/13

Abstract: The human impact on life on Earth has increased sharply since the 1970s, driven by the demands of a growing population with rising average per capita income. Nature is currently supplying more materials than ever before, but this has come at the high cost of unprecedented global declines in the extent and integrity of ecosystems, distinctness of local ecological communities, abundance and number of wild species, and the number of local domesticated varieties. Such changes reduce vital benefits that people receive from nature and threaten the quality of life of future generations. Both the benefits of an expanding economy and the costs of reducing nature’s benefits are unequally distributed. The fabric of life on which we all depend—nature and its contributions to people—is unravelling rapidly. Despite the severity of the threats and lack of enough progress in tackling them to date, opportunities exist to change future trajectories through transformative action. Such action must begin immediately, however, and address the root economic, social, and technological causes of nature’s deterioration.

DOI: 10.1126/science.aax3100

Source: https://science.sciencemag.org/content/366/6471/eaax3100

Science:《科学》,创刊于1880年。隶属于美国科学促进会,最新IF:41.037
官方网址:https://www.sciencemag.org/
投稿链接:https://cts.sciencemag.org/scc/#/login

本期文章:《科学》:Volume 366 Issue 6471

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