小柯机器人

RIPK1不可切割突变可引起显性自身免疫疾病
2019-12-12 19:45

 

浙江大学周青、美国哈佛大学袁钧瑛、复旦大学王晓川、俞晓敏等研究人员合作揭示了一种显性自身免疫疾病由RIPK1切割位点突变所引起。20191211日,国际学术期刊《自然》在线发表了这项研究成果。

 

研究人员确定了两个具有RIPK1变体的家族(D324VD324H),它们以常染色体显性方式导致反复发烧和淋巴结病的明显症状。caspase-8使患者的外周血单核细胞对RIPK1 D324变异体的切割受损,使之对TNF诱导的RIPK1活化、凋亡和坏死。与未受影响的对照组相比,患者表现出强烈的依赖RIPK1的炎症信号通路激活以及炎性细胞因子和趋化因子的过度产生。

 

此外,研究人员发现RIPK1突变体D325VD325H在小鼠胚胎成纤维细胞中的表达不仅赋予RIPK1激活介导的细胞凋亡和坏死敏感性增加,而且还诱导了促炎性细胞因子(如IL-6TNF)。相比之下,患者来源的成纤维细胞显示RIPK1的表达减少、活性氧的产生下调,从而导致对坏死和铁死亡的抵抗。

 

总之,这些数据表明,人类不可剪切的RIPK1变体促进RIPK1的活化,并导致自身炎症性疾病,其特征在于对细胞凋亡和坏死的超敏反应以及外周血单核细胞中炎症反应的增强,此外也揭示了成纤维细胞中的一种保护细胞免受多种促死亡刺激的补偿机制。

 

据介绍,RIPK1的激活可控制TNF介导的细胞凋亡、坏死和炎症途径。caspase-8分别在残基D324D325之后切割人和小鼠RIPK1,使RIPK1激酶结构域与中间结构域和死亡结构域分离。小鼠RIPK1中的D325A突变导致其发育过程中的胚胎致死。但是,尚不清楚在人类中阻断caspase-8介导的RIPK1切割RIPK1激活的功能重要性。

 

附:英文原文

Title: A dominant autoinflammatory disease caused by non-cleavable variants of RIPK1

Author: Panfeng Tao, Jinqiao Sun, Zheming Wu

Issue&Volume: 2019-12-11

Abstract: Activation of RIPK1 controls TNF-mediated apoptosis, necroptosis and inflammatory pathways1. Cleavage of human and mouse RIPK1 after residues D324 and D325, respectively, by caspase-8 separates the RIPK1 kinase domain from the intermediate and death domains. The D325A mutation in mouse RIPK1 leads to embryonic lethality during mouse development2,3. However, the functional importance of blocking caspase-8-mediated cleavage of RIPK1 on RIPK1 activation in humans is unknown. Here we identify two families with variants in RIPK1 (D324V and D324H) that lead to distinct symptoms of recurrent fevers and lymphadenopathy in an autosomal-dominant manner. Impaired cleavage of RIPK1 D324 variants by caspase-8 sensitized patients peripheral blood mononuclear cells to RIPK1 activation, apoptosis and necroptosis induced by TNF. The patients showed strong RIPK1-dependent activation of inflammatory signalling pathways and overproduction of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines compared with unaffected controls. Furthermore, we show that expression of the RIPK1 mutants D325V or D325H in mouse embryonic fibroblasts confers not only increased sensitivity to RIPK1 activation-mediated apoptosis and necroptosis, but also induction of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-6 and TNF. By contrast, patient-derived fibroblasts showed reduced expression of RIPK1 and downregulated production of reactive oxygen species, resulting in resistance to necroptosis and ferroptosis. Together, these data suggest that human non-cleavable RIPK1 variants promote activation of RIPK1, and lead to an autoinflammatory disease characterized by hypersensitivity to apoptosis and necroptosis and increased inflammatory response in peripheral blood mononuclear cells, as well as a compensatory mechanism to protect against several pro-death stimuli in fibroblasts. A dominantly inherited human autoinflammatory disease caused by mutations in RIPK1 is identified, and RIPK1 mutations that prevent caspase-8 cleavage sensitize cells to apoptosis, necroptosis and inflammation.

DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-1830-y

Source:

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-019-1830-y

Nature:《自然》,创刊于1869年。隶属于施普林格·自然出版集团,最新IF:43.07
官方网址:http://www.nature.com/
投稿链接:http://www.nature.com/authors/submit_manuscript.html


本期文章:《自然》:Online/在线发表

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