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青藏高原自然保护区特征与保护成效简析

已有 2240 次阅读 2015-9-18 22:12 |系统分类:论文交流

近来偷懒,好久没有更新博客了。下面贴上一篇最新的文章,供大家参考。不是第一作者,也做了一点工作,挂了个名。感兴趣的话,欢迎引用,更希望大家多多提出宝贵意见。


张镱锂, 吴雪, 祁威,李士成,摆万奇. 2015. 青藏高原自然保护区特征与保护成效简析. 资源科学, 37(07): 1455-1464.


青藏高原自然保护区特征与保护成效简析


中文摘要

     建立自然保护区是保护典型生态系统和生物多样性及珍稀濒危物种资源的基本途径。具有敏感生态系统和丰富生物多样性的青藏高原,其自然保护区建设及其成效一直以来是各界关注的重点问题。本文以最新的《全国自然保护区名录》和已发表NPP与保护成效数据为基础,分析了青藏高原保护区的组成、分布格局与保护成效。结果表明:①1963年至今,青藏高原地区建成了各类保护区155个,面积达82.24万km2,占全高原面积的32.35%;②保护区类型主要以野生动物与荒漠生态系统、野生动物及其生态系统、野生动物3个类型为主,各占高原内保护区总面积的36.84%、33.35%和6.80%;③形成了以超大型保护区为主、中部和东南部分布为主、保护类型多样为特点的青藏高原自然保护区体系;④经过50余年的生态建设,保护区保护成效显著,主要表现为:珍稀濒危物种数量显著增加、濒危物种西藏马鹿被重新发现、野生动物的栖息地得到了恢复和改善及典型保护区内草地植被的生态功能增强。本研究结果可为青藏高原生物多样性保护研究和区域可持续发展提供科学参考。



英文摘要
     As one of the important measures to protect typical ecosystems,natural resources, biodiversity,and rare and endangered species resource,nature reserve construction and its effectiveness on the Tibetan Plateau has been the focus of attention from all walks of life. Here,we use the latest list of China's nature reserve data,published NPP and protection effectiveness data to study the composition,distribution characteristics and protection effectiveness of nature reserves on the Tibetan Plateau. We found that since 1963,155 nature reserves of various types have been constructed on the Tibetan Plateau with an area of 822,400km2,accounting for 31.97% of the plateau's land area. Nature reserve types are mainly composed of wildlife and desert ecosystems, wildlife and ecosystems,and wildlife,respectively accounting for 36.84%,33.35%,6.80% of the total area of nature reserves. Over time authorities have formed natural reserve system on the Tibetan Plateau with the characteristics of an ultra-large reserve base,mainly distributed in central and south-east,and various types of protection. After more than 50 years of ecological construction,the protective effect of the Reserves is significant. Mainly performance in rare and endangered species number increased significantly,the endangered Tibetan red deer (Cervus elaphus wallichi)was rediscovered,wildlife habitat has been restored and improved,and the ecological function of typical reserve grassland vegetation enhanced.


知网链接:

http://www.cnki.net/KCMS/detail/detail.aspx?QueryID=1&CurRec=1&recid=&filename=ZRZY201507017&dbname=CJFDLAST2015&dbcode=CJFQ&pr=&urlid=&yx=&uid=WEEvREcwSlJHSldSdnQ1ZXFzc1ZaWFJmc2RrMVdoeSttdXZKYTRSditvRHU5VDVHWTBKNUxzUlJ6TlhvNHdkc2p3PT0=$9A4hF_YAuvQ5obgVAqNKPCYcEjKensW4IQMovwHtwkF4VYPoHbKxJw!!&v=MDE3NjNMdXhZUzdEaDFUM3FUcldNMUZyQ1VSTCtmYnVkbkZDdmtWN3pOUHovUmQ3RzRIOVRNcUk5RVk0UjhlWDE=


期刊主页链接:

http://www.resci.cn/ch/reader/view_abstract.aspx?file_no=20150717&flag=1

 




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