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新一届总统科学顾问与白宫科技政策办公室主任

已有 2600 次阅读 2021-6-3 18:10 |系统分类:人文社科

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周二夜里给本科生开设的科技政策专题结束了,这是与同事合作的一门通识核心课。我承担其中的15学时,虽然努力了,但是计划好的内容还是没有完全讲完,不过该说的也都说了。其中,有一个环节,让学生们根据政策制定的基本流程:分析我国计划生育政策出台始末与利弊得失,六个小组的报告都还不错,要给大家点赞。恰好,国家三胎政策又出台了,相信同学们经过上述分析会对这个政策有更深的理解。也希望未来他们能时刻意识到政策与每个人的生活都有关(尤其是目标群体),绝非是无关之物,政策质量的提升有赖于公众社会认知水准的整体提升。

科技政策的历史很短,我们还有很多东西需要向人家学习,至少美国的很多做法值得我们学习。课上介绍了白宫科技政策办公室的情况,这是国家层面的科技政策负责机构。

The Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) is a department of the United States government, part of the Executive Office of the President (EOP), established by United States Congress on May 11, 1976, with a broad mandate to advise the President on the effects of science and technology on domestic and international affairs. The director of this office is colloquially known as the President's Science Advisor.

科技政策办公室的历史可以追述到1976年,距今也有45年的历史了。他的下属机构有总统科学顾问委员会。通常,白宫科技政策办公室主任兼任总统科学顾问。

拜登政府的总统科学顾问是埃里克●兰德(Eric Lander,1957-),是一个生物学家,现任职于哈佛大学和麻省理工学院(MIT),第11任OSTP主任兰德的信息如下:

Eric Steven Lander (born February 3, 1957) is an American mathematician and geneticist who is the 11th Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, which has been elevated to cabinet-level. In this role, Lander also serves as Science Advisor to the President. Lander is a professor of biology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), a professor of systems biology at Harvard Medical School, a former member of the Whitehead Institute, and the founding director of the Broad Institute. He is a 1987 MacArthur Fellow. Lander co-chaired President Barack Obama's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology.

副主任是一名伦理学家,名字叫纳尔逊,今年53岁,她的信息如下:

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Alondra Nelson is an American writer and academic who is the president of the Social Science Research Council (SSRC). An award-winning researcher, she is also the Harold F. Linder Chair in the School of Social Science at the Institute for Advanced Study.

Alondra Nelson (born 1968) is an American writer and academic. An award-winning researcher, she is the Harold F. Linder Chair in the School of Social Science at the Institute for Advanced Study. She currently serves at Deputy Director for Science and Society in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. From 2017-2021, she was president of the Social Science Research Council. She was previously professor of sociology at Columbia University in the City of New York, where she served as the inaugural dean of Social Science,[1] as well as director of the Institute for Research on Women and Gender.

She writes and lectures widely on the intersections of science, technology, and social inequality. She has authored or edited four books including, most recently, The Social Life of DNA: Race, Reparations, and Reconciliation after the Genome.

纳尔逊的研究方向与我们科技哲学的工作很近似,科技与社会,尤其是新科技的伦理问题,另外她还关注社会不平等问题。

接近10年前,笔者也曾建议中国应该设立国家科学顾问委员会,时至今日也没有看到相关的动作,权当一个插曲吧,那时的一些文字发在《科学与社会》(《科学与社会》李侠:障碍、协调与国家科学顾问委员会——关于科技体制改革的一些思考)与《民主与科学》(下面有个文章地址)先记录一笔,以后再关注。

中国亟需设立国家科学顾问委员会

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2021-6-3于办公室临屏涂鸦




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