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剑桥之桥:Bridges of Cambridge 精选

已有 8479 次阅读 2016-7-29 12:47 |个人分类:生活点滴分享|系统分类:生活其它| 剑桥

本文最初发表在我的网易博客上(2010-01-10 16:08:33),在此记录和分享。照片均来自本人相机拍摄。


【序言】

离开剑桥的时候,不少朋友都跟我要了我的PPT作品【剑桥之桥】。在剑桥的那些日子里,每周末,我都会出去徒步或自驾。我其中一个目标,就是走完剑桥的所有的桥。前几天,有一位朋友知道我走了剑桥所有的桥,拍了照,做了PPT,还提出跟我要这个PPT,于是再次勾起了我的回忆,干脆就发表在博客上大家共享吧。


之所以要去走走剑桥的所有桥,简单的一个原因,那就是这个地名,剑桥,在英文中是CAMBRIDGE,CAM是康河(他们也称之为 RIVER CAM),BRIDGE就是桥。CAMBRIDGE的故事很多都跟RIVER CAM和BRIDGE of CAM有关的。再就是,我试图去查阅一些有关BRIDGE of CAM的资料,但是,并不多见,甚至不少剑桥人都未必全都走过那些桥。于是,就有了走遍剑桥所有桥并且把他们写下来的念头了。


【康桥】

沿着康河,剑桥拥有许多非常著名的久远的桥梁,这些桥梁横跨康河,因此,也称为康桥。康河从剑桥的西南方向流入城区,向上穿越许多非常著名的古老学府和后院,在经过圣约翰学院后,突然调头东去,翻Jesus Green堰坝,淌过Midsummer Common船库,由北离开城区,蜿蜒20余公里,最后汇入Great Ouse。与中国古代桥梁不同,康桥给人留下了许多浪漫的故事,而中国的那些桥多是些沧桑和磨难的记忆。


走下来,一共有20座康桥。见下图,我用红点做了标注。



1) Footbridge, Coe Fen

2) Fen Causeway Bridge

3) Crusoe Bridge

4) Silver Street Bridge (1958)

5) Mathematical Bridge, Queens' College (1902)

6) King's College Bridge (1819)

7) Clare College Bridge (1640)

8) Garret Hostel Bridge (1960)

9) Trinity College Bridge (1764)

10) Kitchen Bridge, St John's College (1709)

11) Bridge of Sighs, St John's College (1831)

12) Magdalene Bridge (1823)

13) Footbridge over the weir, Jesus Green

14) Victoria Avenue Bridge (1890)

15) Footbridge, Midsummer Common

16) Cutter Ferry Bridge

17) Elizabeth Way Bridge (1971)

18) Footbridge, Stourbridge Common

19) Railway Bridge

20) A14 Bridge

下面,按照顺序,我对每一座桥进行图文介绍。


【第一座桥:Footbridge, Coe Fen】

Links Coe Fen behind the Leys School over a second small bridge to Lammas Land, near the area known as Hobson's Paradise. Known to most serious punters as the easiest for bridge hopping. Also known as Sheep's Green bridge, with ramps to make it easier for cyclists and prams to cross. The bridge decking is made of timber. 是一座步行桥,当地人称之为牧羊绿桥。



【第二座桥:Fen Causeway Bridge】

The first road bridge that is reached as the river enters the city. The road was formally opened on 9 December 1926 是第一座通往剑桥城的道路桥梁,建于1926年。



【第三座桥:Crusoe Bridge】

A footbridge linking Sheep's Green and Coe Fen, and the final bridge on the "Upper River" before it reaches the small weir at the mill pond. 这是剑桥流经银街桥的“上游河”堰坝的最后一座步行桥。



【第四座桥:Silver Street Bridge 】

The site of bridges back to the 14th century. This wide bridge was designed by Edwin Lutyens and constructed in 1958. 此桥位置可追溯到14世纪,内战被毁坏,此桥建于1958年。


【第五座桥:Mathematical Bridge】

In Queens' College. This is the third version of the design, first built in 1749. 这就是非常著名的位于女王学院内的数学桥,始建于1749年,据说没有用一颗钉子。现在这个桥建于1902年。

【第六座桥:King's College Bridge (1819)】

This was build in 1819. The first bridge on the site was built in the 15th century, and has been rebuilt several times before the current incarnation, designed by William Wilkins and built by Francis Braidwood.

 

【第七座桥:Clare College Bridge (1640) 】

The oldest of Cambridge's current bridges, this bridge in classical style was built by Thomas Grumbold. It survives as the oldest due to all its contemporaries being destroyed by the parliamentarian forces in the civil war, to make the town of Cambridge more defensible. A common anecdote told about the bridge is that surrounding the missing section of the second from the left southern globe on the bridge. It is rumoured that the builder of the bridge received (what he considered to be) insufficient payment, and in his anger, removed a segment of the globe giving it the appearance of a semi-consumed orange.由于在中世纪英国议会派别的内战,许多古老的桥梁都因为考虑到剑桥的安全而被拆除或遭遇破坏。克莱亚桥式剑桥幸存下来的最古老的桥。有趣的故事就是这座桥上有一个缺了一块的石球。说当时老板没给足工钱,劳工一气之下,就将其中的一个石球切掉了一块。呵呵,看来拖欠农民工工钱绝不是中国才有的哦。



【第八座桥:Garret Hostel Bridge (1960)】

At least the eighth bridge on this site on Garret Hostel Lane between the colleges of Trinity and Trinity Hall. The current design is by T G Morgan. Students of the University of Cambridge often refer to this bridge as Orgasm Bridge – its relative steepness causes cyclists much effort to reach the top but this is usually followed by the pleasureable descent. 呵呵,这座桥我是太熟悉了。出入剑桥城是经常要过这里的,第一次骑车没冲上去,锻炼了一段时间之后就能够冲上去了,冲下去的感觉是超爽的啊!桥是东西方向的,靠西一侧下桥之后,就是很狭窄的中世纪古道,穿越在高墙之下,靠东一侧,就是著名的剑桥康河的大块绿荫地,the Backs。  



【第九座桥:Trinity College Bridge (1764)】

Designed by James Essex, it replaced a stone bridge built in 1651.



【第十座桥:Kitchen Bridge (1709)】

The second oldest of Cambridge's remaining bridges, built by Robert Grumbold.



【第十一座桥:The Bridge of Sighs】

Probably Cambridge's best-known bridge, designed by Henry Hutchison and based on a similarly named bridge in Venice, named because it led to the gallows. 剑桥最著名的桥。连接第二庭院到第三庭院的是就是叹息桥非常著名。该桥建于1831年,仿照威尼斯的叹息桥。据说每逢学院大批学生经过此桥,就意味着学院要开始考试了,学生们因担心考试成绩而发出感叹之声,该桥因此得名。也有另一说,那就是该桥建成后,每年都有学生因考试压力或者失恋而在此投河自尽,当年拜伦就因失宠于勃伦特公爵夫人而从这座桥上跳入河里,幸亏被一个船工路过救起。后来学院为防有人投河,专门将这座桥四周封起,用铁栅栏固定(见图),就成了如今这个廊桥的样式了,该桥因此得名。徐志摩的《再别康桥》和他的其他有关剑桥的作品也多与这桥有关系。


【第十二座桥:Magdalene Bridge (1823) 】

Very close to the location of the Roman ford (around 40AD), and the location of the first bridge in Cambridge (probably built by Offa in the 8th Century AD). The latest bridge Magdalene Bridge (1823) was designed by Arthur Browne in Gothic revival style.   青楼桥。此地是剑桥第一座桥所在地。此桥建于1823年,歌德复兴样式。




【第十三座桥:Footbridge over the weir, Jesus Green 】

An iron bridge over the weir that divides the 'Middle River' from the 'Lower River', where punts give way to rowing eights. 是剑桥“下游河”和“中游河”交界的堰坝处的步行桥。



【第十四座桥:Victoria Avenue Bridge (1890)】

Allowed the residents of Chesterton easy access to the city for the first time. The foundation stone was laid by Frederic Wace, mayor of Cambridge, on November 4 1889 and the bridge was officially opened by Wace on December 11 1890. 建桥基石是时任的剑桥市长于1889年放置的。



【第十五座桥:Footbridge, Midsummer Common】

Also known as the "Fort St. George" footbridge. This bridge is now open for use by cyclists. 仲夏桥。



【第十六座桥:Cutter Ferry Bridge】

A pedestrian and cycle bridge that links Cutter Ferry Lane with Midsummer Common. The original footbridge was closed in 2003 after over 75 years of service, and removed during December 2004. The replacement, over which cyclists may now legally cycle, was opened on 20th May 2005. Also known by older residents as Pye's Bridge and by student rowers as Emma Bridge because of its proximity to Emmanuel College Boathouse.

【第十七座桥:Elizabeth Way Bridge (1971)】

A plain four-carriageway concrete bridge, opened by Lord Butler in his capacity as High Steward of Cambridge, on July 13 1971, and is Cambridge's most recent road bridge. 剑桥的“现代桥”。

 

【第十八座桥:Footbridge, Stourbridge Common 】

Known to locals as the "Green Dragon Footbridge" after the pub opposite its northern end. 绿龙桥。在桥的北面是颇为热闹的酒吧。



【第十九座桥:Railway Bridge 】

Crosses the river through east Chesterton, south of the A14 bridge. It's the 3rd railway bridge to be built on this site, replacing a plain plate girder bridge which stood on the site between 1870 and 1930, which itself replaced a wooden bridge built in 1846.

 

【第二十座桥:A14 Bridge】

Known (incorrectly) to rowers and others as the "Motorway Bridge". Crosses the river just south of Baits Bite Lock. Footbridge over the weir, Baits Bite Lock,An elevated footbridge crosses Baits Bite Lock to a narrow islet. A concrete-arch footbridge then crosses the weir to the south bank near Horningsea. 此桥是剑桥附近的A14公路桥,它已经离开了剑桥城。


几张沿途照片。



全程都是骑车的,车头上绑了个GPS仪器和一个卡片相机。GPS仪器将位置信息通过蓝牙方式传送到我的iPod里,里面装了地图软件,地图是我自制的,将英国的地图下载后,用五点矢量方法定位,再合成到软件里就OK了。


之前从没看到过鸭子居然排队走路,呵呵,看了好长时间,也跟了它们好长时间,那个头鸭的块头明显比其他鸭子大些,莫非是鸭妈妈?





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