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Endnote中强制独立作用的竖杠和连接前后作用的空格的用法

已有 16961 次阅读 2013-1-26 14:02 |个人分类:格物|系统分类:科研笔记| Endnote, 文献, 维基, Wikipedia, 格式

维基Endnote StyleV2下载: wikipedia LiuChao V2.rar

Endnote中强制独立作用的竖杠和连接前后作用的空格的用法

竖杠, (vertical bar), 强制独立作用,( Forced Separation)

若一些非field前的field在库中没有的话,则其后跟的字符将不显示。

例:

模板:</ref>Title, DOI</ref>

若有DOI,则为

<ref>C.; Liu, 10.1021/j100085a041</ref>

若无DOI,则为

<ref>C.; Liu,

此时,若在</ref>前加上竖杠,则</ref>会强制出现。

<ref>C.; Liu</ref>

==========================

连接前后作用的空格,( Link Adjacent Text (Using the Non-breaking Space))

显示: </ref>Title, DOI</ref>

维基百科中DOI显示格式为

doi: 10.1021/j100085a041

相应的维基百科的输入格式为

[[doi]]: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/j100085a041 10.1021/j100085a041]

而其在Endnote中的输入格式模板为

[http://dx.doi.org/DOI DOI]

若输入文献中没有DOI内容,则会显示。

[[doi]]: [http://dx.doi.org/]

因此,在两个DOI中添加连接前后作用的空格(Link Adjacent Text),那么若输入文献中没有DOI内容,则不会为维基百科输入格式设计的控制语法,如下:

<ref>Luo, C.; Liu, Y.; Li, Z. ''et al''. (2012). "Pathway-dependent re-assembly of dual-responsive ABC terpolymer in water". ''Soft Matter'' '''8''' (9): 2618-2626. </ref>

==========================

另,【求助】,在维基百科中是通过角标来控制斜体和加粗的,如下:

<ref>Author ''et al''. (Year). "Title". ''Journal'' '''Volume''' (Issue): Pages. [[doi]]: [http://dx.doi.org/DOI DOI]|</ref>

如果某ENDNOTE输入文献没有卷号或期号等,如何在模板中设计使得这些控制输入的上标自动消失呢?连接前后作用的空格是不能用的,因为会添加一个空格。

 

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<ref>Luo, C.; Liu, Y.; Li, Z. ''et al''. (2012). "Pathway-dependent re-assembly of dual-responsive ABC terpolymer in water". ''Soft Matter'' '''8''' (9): 2618-2626. </ref>

<ref>Egelhaaf, S. U.; Schurtenberger, P. ''et al''. (1994). "SHAPE TRANSFORMATIONS IN THE LECITHIN BILE-SALT SYSTEM - FROM CYLINDERS TO VESICLES". ''Journal of Physical Chemistry'' '''98''' (34): 8560-8573. [[doi]]: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/j100085a041 10.1021/j100085a041]</ref>

<ref>Hiraoka, S.; Harano, K.; Shiro, M.; ''et al''. (2005). "Quantitative dynamic interconversion between Ag-I-mediated capsule and cage complexes accompanying guest encapsulation/release". ''Angewandte Chemie-International Edition'' '''44''' (18): 2727-2731. [[doi]]: [http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/anie.200462394 10.1002/anie.200462394]</ref>

 

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Endnote中的特别输入控制符的帮助原文

 

Special Formatting Characters

EndNote has special formatting characters that add flexibility and precision to the grouping of punctuation and fields in the style templates.

Link Adjacent Text (Using the Non-breaking Space)

If you type "Edition ed. into a style template and use an ordinary space to separate the field name Edition from the abbreviation

To avoid this problem, make "ed. dependent on the Edition field by linking

You can insert a non-breaking space by selecting Link Adjacent Text from the Insert Field list in the Templates panels. You can also enter it by typing Option+Space. It appears on the screen as a small diamond.

The non-breaking space is converted to a normal space in the formatting process. Common uses of the non-breaking space include (where "" is used as a non-breaking space):

p^ppPages

Editioned.

volVolume

EditorEd.^

The non-breaking space is also used in conjunction with the vertical bar (see below) to change the dependency of a punctuation mark from one field to another.

Volume|:

In this case, the colon (:) is linked to the Issue field with a non-breaking space, so it does not print in the bibliography if the Issue field is empty.

Forced Separation—Using the Vertical Bar

If you do not want text or punctuation to be dependent on the preceding or following field, use the vertical bar character (|), to force a separation of the text from a field. The vertical bar can be found on the same key as the backslash (). It can also be inserted from the Insert Field list in the Templates panels.

Think of a vertical bar as breaking dependence, or forcing separation between two dependent items. (The vertical bar works in exactly the opposite way as the non-breaking space.)

For example, the Journal Article templates in some styles require a period between the volume and issue. A template for such a style might look like this (where "· indicates a space):

Journal Article
Author.·Title.

However, when this style formats a journal article that does not include an issue number, the bibliography entry will be incorrect, as in the following example:

Clark, H. and Carlson,

Notice that the period used to separate the volume from the issue appears here in the absence of an issue because it is dependent upon the Volume (Rule #2). And the space separating the volume and the year is lost because that space is dependent upon the Issue field (Rule #3).

EndNote has a way of avoiding these problems. The vertical bar character (|) can be used to break the automatic grouping of spaces and punctuation with adjacent fields.

If you insert the vertical bar before the period in our example, the period’s dependency switches from the Volume field to the Issue field. Add another vertical bar before the space that follows the Issue field, and the space will no longer be dependent on the Issue field. Use the vertical bar character in conjunction with the non-breaking space. With these changes the style looks like this:

Journal Article
Author.·Title.·Journal

And the formatted reference without an issue is correct:

Clark, H. and Carlson,

Other common examples for using the vertical bar include:

Publisher|:

Pages|.(to make the final period independent)

Field Names in Bibliographies

Sometimes you may need to use text in a template that is also an EndNote field name for that reference type. For example, you may want to use the word "Editor" after the editor’s name:

Jones, V.R.,

Normally, EndNote interprets the word "Editor" as a field name when it appears in a book’s style template. This is even true of field names that appear as part of a word, such as "Editors" or "Issued." Field names need not be capitalized to be recognized.

To force EndNote to interpret a word as just text and not as a field name in a template, put an accent grave character before and after the word: `Editor`. The accent grave is found in the upper left corner of most keyboards on the same key as the tilde (~). Remember to also use the non-breaking space to link the text, `

Book Section
Author,·Title|.

Singular/Plural Term Separator (Caret ^)

You can specify both singular and plural forms of labels for editors or pages in a formatted reference by using a caret (^) to separate the terms. For example, some styles put "Ed." after a single editor and "Eds. follows several editors’ names. Or, similarly, p. might precede a single page, while

In the style template, enter both the singular and plural forms of the label separated by a caret (insert it from the Insert Field list or type Shift+6). Any text before the caret, back to but not including the preceding space, is used for the singular form; text after the caret, up to the next space, is used for the plural form. These terms must also be linked to the relevant field using a non- breaking space. For example, a style template might look like this:

Edited Book
Editor,
ed.^

Or like this:

Journal Article
Author.·Title,·Journal Volume|.

Related Topics:

Adding and Removing Fields in a Formatted Reference

Adding New Reference Types

Additional Style Formatting Options

Bibliography and Footnote Templates

Changing the Punctuation in a Formatted Reference

EndNote Cleans Up

Fonts and Text Styles

Modifying Style Templates

Rules for Working with Style Templates

 

 



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